August 22 – September 5

BEYOND LEONE: THE RADICAL LAWLESSNESS OF THE SPAGHETTI WESTERN

Although westerns had been made in Europe prior to Sergio Leone’s epochal A Fistful of Dollars, the astonishing wave of films produced in its wake constitute what is affectionately known as the spaghetti western.

Cheap but rarely cheerful, from 1964 a plethora of brutal, iconoclastic and stylistically freewheeling gun operas came out of an opportunistic pan-European studio system at a torrential rate. At a time when the Hollywood western was in bloated decline, the Italian-Spanish version ripped up all moral niceties, presenting extreme violence and radical politics via revenge narratives set against local desert backdrops. For directors such as the hugely conflicted Marxist Sergio Corbucci and the prolific pulp maestro Sergio Sollima, the genre was often just another paid job, but their films have nonetheless accumulated a cult reputation. Including international stars beyond Clint Eastwood, they seemed more often than not to feature the steely-eyed Lee Van Cleef (Angel Eyes in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly), an actor who became almost exclusively identified with the genre. Equally frequently they feature magnificent scores by the great Ennio Morricone, whose eclectic but instantly recognisable sound came to be a definitive component of this recklessly entertaining, uncompromising genre.

This rip-roaring season showcases the genre’s most ostentatiously audacious examples, featuring auteurs (and Sergios!) to rival Leone. It brings together a number of the most acclaimed and stylistically adventurous examples from Death Rides a Horse and The Big Gundown to two of Corbucci’s most atmospheric, ambitious and exploratory entries: The Mercenary and The Great Silence.

Presented with support from the Italian Institute of Culture.

Italian Cultural Institute - Melbourne

August 22

7:00pm – THE BIG GUNDOWN
Sergio Sollima (1966) 107 mins – Unclassified 15 +

A widely underrated masterpiece starring Lee Van Cleef (For a Few Dollars More) in his first leading role, this cat-and-mouse adventure follows bounty hunter “Colorado” Corbett as he embarks on a score-settling manhunt for a Mexican criminal known as “The Knife” (Tomas Milian). Audaciously revisionist in outlook – and with Sollima’s iconic multilayered imagery, a taut script by frequent Leone collaborator Sergio Donati, and an explosive Ennio Morricone score – this volatile and morally ambiguous film is considered by some to be the best of all spaghetti westerns.

CTEQ ANNOTATION
Three Bullets for Three Dead Men: Sergio Sollima’s ‘The Big Gundown’ by José Sarmiento-Hinojosa.

9:00pm – THE MERCENARY
Sergio Corbucci (1968) 110 mins – Unclassified 15 +

With an all-star cast featuring spaghetti western staples Franco Nero and Jack Palance, Corbucci’s thrilling and ultra-violent political fable is a key work of the “Zapata” subgenre. Nero plays the titular mercenary who, in a typical Corbuccian (as well as Brechtian) flourish, stumbles upon his on-again-off-again friend (Tony Musante), reigniting a florid brothers-in-bloodshed partnership. Sometimes overlooked in favour of the director’s more sombre and deeply fatalistic The Great Silence, this is an incisive and eminently entertaining addition to both the “spaghetti canon” and the oeuvre of one of its most important proponents.

CTEQ ANNOTATION
‘The Mercenary’ by Darragh O’Donoghue.

August 29

7:00pm – THE GREAT SILENCE
Sergio Corbucci (1968) 105 mins – M

Brutal and pessimistic, this revisionist, topically allegorical western is commonly deemed Corbucci’s masterpiece. A bitter kiss-off to the genre, Corbucci channelled his righteous fury at the assassinations of Che Guevara and Malcolm X, so much so that Darryl F. Zanuck declined to grant the film US distribution. It contains one of Ennio Morrricone’s most radical scores to match the astonishing snowbound cinematography of the Dolomite locations. Starring Jean-Louis Trintignant, Klaus Kinski and Frank Wolff. Director and critic Alex Cox called it simply “one of the finest westerns ever”.

35mm print courtesy of the Kinemathek Le Bon Film, Basel.

CTEQ ANNOTATION
‘The Great Silence’ by Brad Weismann.


8:55pm – DEATH RIDES A HORSE
Giulio Petroni (1967) 114 mins – MA

Petroni’s emblematic revenge western stars John Phillip Law as a young man setting out to avenge the murder and defilement of his family, which he witnessed as a boy. In this variation on the “tutorship western”, he meets up with Ryan (Lee Van Cleef) who has just served a long stretch in prison after being framed for armed robbery by the same gang. Van Cleef once again emerges as perhaps the spaghetti western’s key actor; Petroni (Tepepa) provides characteristically tense and well-paced direction; and Ennio Morricone delivers one of his most audacious and bizarre scores.

CTEQ ANNOTATION
‘Death Rides a Horse’ by Danica van de Velde.

September 5

7:00pm – SABATA
Frank Kramer (1969) 107 mins – PG

In this first of a trilogy of films, Sabata (Lee Van Cleef) is the lone man dressed in black, a supreme marksman who comes to the rescue of a small Texas town. This consciously absurdist entry in the spaghetti western genre features whip-crack dialogue, acrobatics, outlandish weapons and energetic gunslinging executed with supreme flair. Up against a violent assailant with an iconic banjo, Sabata, both the man and the film, cherishes the unconquerable spirit of the old West. With William Berger and Linda Veras, and featuring an energetic, flavoursome score by Marcello Giombini.

CTEQ ANNOTATION
‘Sabata’: The Best Of The Bad by Adam Powell.


9:00pm – NAVAJO JOE
Sergio Corbucci (1966) 92 mins – M

The spaghetti western’s other great Sergio (Corbucci) offers a tougher and more concentrated snapshot of frontier violence than his contemporaries, favouring a suggestive atmosphere of accumulating malice. Joe seeks vengeance against the ruthless scalp-hunters who murdered his wife and massacred their village’s inhabitants. Played by the young and then largely unknown Burt Reynolds, Joe becomes an ideal vessel: always waiting, thinking and then diving into action for a few lethal beats. Aided by Ennio Morricone’s expressive score, repurposed years later for Tarantino’s Kill Bill, the film would go on to inspire countless grindhouse plots of merciless revenge.

CTEQ ANNOTATION
‘Navajo Joe’ by Ben Kooyman.

February 5
OPENING NIGHT

February 12 – February 26
VITTORIO DE SICA: CINEMA, ITALIAN STYLE

March 4 – March 18
LIGHT AND SHADOW: THE MERCURIAL STARDOM OF MARLENE DIETRICH

March 23 – April 6
CAST A DARK SHADOW: THE BEAUTIFUL SADNESS OF DIRK BOGARDE

April 13 – April 29
THE BIG CARNIVAL: THE FILMS OF BILLY WILDER

May 6 – May 20
“LIFE’S PARADE AT YOUR FINGERTIPS”: DOUGLAS SIRK

May 27 – June 10
WILDFLOWERS: DANCING, DESIRE AND FREEDOM IN THE FILMS OF GILLIAN ARMSTRONG

June 17 – July 1
DRIFTING STATES: THE FILMS OF APICHATPONG WEERASETHAKUL

July 8
AT HOME IN THE WORLD: CECIL HOLMES, ACTIVIST FILMMAKER

July 15 – July 29
HIROSHI SHIMIZU: FORGOTTEN MASTER

September 2 – September 16
JEAN COCTEAU: THE POETRY OF DREAMS

September 23 – September 30
QUEERING THE ARCHIVE: THE CINEMA OF BARBARA HAMMER

October 7 – October 14
GALLOWS BACCHANALIAS, FRACTIOUS FAIRY-TALES AND THE RULE OF THREE: THE CINEMA OF JURAJ JAKUBISKO

October 21 – November 4
REACHING BEYOND THE FRAME: THE POETIC CINEMA OF ABBAS KIAROSTAMI

November 11 – November 25
BORSCHT, SAUERKRAUT, GOULASH AND LEMONADE: AN INTRODUCTION TO OSTERNS AND RED WESTERNS

December 2 – December 16
THE LAND IS OURS: YOUSSEF CHAHINE